Commercial Ports

Sri Lanka, given its ancient history, has well developed, efficient and strategically located ports and harbours around the country, some of which are natural harbours.

These can be classified as follows.

  • Commercial Ports administered by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA)
  • Fishery Harbours, anchorages and landing sites administered by the Ceylon Fishery Harbours Corporation (CFHC)

SLPA has the mandate to operate and maintain all seven Commercial ports in the country.

Colombo Port is a rapidly growing maritime hub of the South Asia Region connecting cargo from Europe, East and South Asia, the Persian Gulf, and East Africa. According to the Lloyds Register the Colombo Port ranks as the No. 01 port of South Asia and the 26th in the World.

Galle Harbour, a natural harbour, serves as one of the most active regional ports in the country. Galle Port handles a considerable amount of maritime traffic with300 vessels passing by every day. The Galle Port has four berths and 660 meters of quay. SLPA also provides berthing facilities for pleasure yachts in this port. Galle harbor is recognized by international yacht societies as one of the world's best attractions for yacht berthing, leisure and recreation.

Trincomalee Harbour, the fifth largest natural harbour in the world, has water and land area of about ten times as much as the Port of Colombo. Trincomalee was tentatively identified to cater for bulk and break bulk cargo. The government has initiated discussions with Singapore, Japan and India to develop this harbor.

Hambantota Port is located in close proximity to the major international East-West shipping route and on the maritime gateway to India.

The existing terminals, the plans for development of more terminals and capacity of the terminals are available in detail in the SLPA website (

Road Network

Sri Lanka has a well-connected road network with facilities to travel length or breadth in approximately 6 hours. Expressways connect the airport and the commercial city as well as the southern part of the country. Construction has begun for an expressway connecting the central part of the country whilst an outer circular road will be completed shortly easing the traffic in the city of Colombo.

The Megapolis plan, too,prioritizes developing critical infrastructure, especially transportation infrastructure, through upgrades, overhauls, and enhancements.


Mindful of the need to ensure access to quality and reliable services, the government is focused on enabling high quality economic infrastructure to facilitate business growth as given below.

  • Sri Lanka is the only South Asian country to provide island wide, closer to 100%coverage of reliable electricity, with 24/7 supply.
  • An advanced level of uninterrupted telephone connectivity is also available via connections to the SEA-ME-WE III and IV (South East Asia – Middle East – Western Europe) fiber optic communication backbone and over 11 communication satellites orbiting above the south of the country.
  • Mobile phone penetration is high at over 100% with island-wide latest technology of 4G internet coverage
  • Access is available to pipe borne water from the national grid. Ample sources also exist for generating own water supply.


The country has strong air connectivity, with over 30 international flights operating direct flights daily and weeklyfrom the two international airports (Bandaranaike International Airport – Colombo (Main Airport) and Mattala International Airport- Hambantota). The main airport reachesthe majority of the destinations in Asia and Europe and then connects to the rest of the world.